When it comes to agriculture in Italy the official data are those of the 'General Census of Agriculture'. It is the last in order of time, the sixth since the census began, dates back to 2010. Not very recent, therefore, but while waiting for the next one we have to be content. In any case, on a statistical level, the numbers of the census remain indicative and photograph the situation well.
Agriculture in Italy: the numbers
According to the 2010 General Census of Agriculture, 1,630,420 farms and livestock farms are active in Italy, of which 209,996 are livestock breeding for sale. 7.5 million sheep and goats and 195.4 million poultry. The average farm size has gone from 5.5 hectares of utilized agricultural area (UAA) per farm to 7.9 hectares in ten years (from 2000 to 2010), an increase of 44.4 per cent.
However, the increase in the average size of agricultural holdings corresponds to the decrease in the total agricultural area. This does not help to give a positive picture of the situation of theagriculture in Italy. In 2010, the total farm area (SAT) was equal to 17,277,023 hectares and the agricultural area used amounted to 12,885,186 hectares. This means that from 2000 to 2010, the SAT decreased by 8% and the UAA by 2.3 percent. In the last 5 years, given that we are in 2015, it is not possible to think that the trend has changed. On the contrary, there is a progressive decrease in the orchard area, although in 2015 the expenditure for the purchase of fruit and vegetables exceeded that for meat for the first time (historical data).
The data onbiological agriculture. In fact, Italy occupies the 6th place in the world in terms of surface area used in biologic. Which even becomes 1st place if we consider the incidence of organic products on the utilized agricultural area (UAA). with over 9 percent (in this case the numbers are those of the 2013 Bioreport made by Inea, the National Institute of Agricultural Economics). Curiosity and data: organic farms are mainly located in hilly (61%) and mountain (21%) territories, demonstrating the fact that the less favorable areas are more inclined to value products.
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