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How to train a dog


How to train a dog it is not a trivial thing to discover, above all because every dog ​​is made in its own way, and even we owners, we are a varied set of characters. It therefore depends on the situations and combinations, the how to train a dog. A piece of advice, however: before taking a certain breed, let's try to find out about yours features at least so that they are compatible on paper with us.

Learning how to make him understand what we expect from him is one of the first steps of how to train a dog, it is also necessary to address the animal in the right tone and timing to make it immediately understand what we want them to do. One thing is certain: you don't need big speeches to try to explain it to him.

How to train a dog: foreplay

There are basics on the techniques of how to train a dog which you cannot do without even if you are not pretending to have a "nerd" dog. These are a few basic commands but which must be inculcated to the sound of "Stimuli", that is input, verbal or gestural, to which the dog must learn to respond as a conditioned reflex.

This stimulus in the how to train a dog supposes the presence of a positive reinforcement: the command is given, the dog is observed and each time it responds with the required behavior, it is rewarded. Here's how from day to day if you do everything with constancy and consistency, sounds and gestures chosen by us for the "chance" become commands. This "stimulus" which then becomes command it is important that it is simple, instantly recognizable and unique.

How to train a dog: the 4 basic commands

To be taught immediately to your own, beyond the fact that you already know how to train a dog, there are four commands. No, sit, stop and come. The "no", so brief and immediate, is associated with a tone and an expressiveness that signal that we don't like something. Similar to this command there is "shut up" to do it stop barking: it is an alternative but often less effective in transmitting disapproval to the dog.

The command "sitting" it is not an aesthetic, behavioral or etiquette "habit": making the dog sit is desired curb curiosity, enthusiasm and desire to do, we want to interrupt the flow of actions of our animal making it easier for him not to continue on a path that we disapprove of. The command "earth" is also terrible but perhaps to follow."Land" it indicates a longer stop or a strengthened "sit", but it is not an easy expression to grasp.

When you go out for a walk, the command comes in handy "Stop" (or "stay") to help those who are trying to understand chow to train a dog. This signal tells the dog not to miss the opportunity and to show itself harmless but determined. With "come" or "come back" the dog is called, it is used when it is necessary, I hope rarely, to secure it but if it is free and without a leash.

How to train a dog: how to call it

In order for the dog to obey it must be given a first name, which, ban on the imagination, is easily pronounced. For the dog and to know how to train a dog, a simple and practical name is needed, no longer than two syllables, with clear and strong sounds, recognizable by the dog but different from the "usual" human noises.

The name must be simple and practical so that he learns it easily, even more easily if we add the commitment of call him frequently creating a positive association. The idea is to praise him when he answers his name and give him a reward.

How to train a dog: tips

With perseverance and determination, the techniques sul how to train a dog they give results when applied in 15-20 minute sessions a couple of times a day. In this way, continuity is created even if it is important to remember that, once the bell has been rung in this few minutes, we must remain consistent with what we have taught.

It is a classic that the bad habits they develop out of training moments then in the duties of how to train a dog there is the fact that it is never lost from sight and attention must not drop. In addressing the dog, the how, our state of mind, which he perceives very well, is also important. We must show ourselves, and truly be, enthusiastic and optimistic.

This makes training fun and it's not a question of how to train a dog but of our relationship with him. By educating him, the bond can tighten, as long as we make it pleasant and not militaristic or punitive. Therefore, there is no question of subduing it, but training a dog means there'Establish a communication relationship.

How to train a dog: equipment and rewards

We have said that the dispense tasty rewards is fully part of the how to train a dog. Therefore, well-prepared, ready-to-use morsels are part of the equipment together with a leash of almost 2 meters and a simple collar. If the animal - pupil is large in size and we are not practical on the how to train a dog, you can also prepare a halter collar, a harness, a steel collar: you can also ask the veterinarian for advice, the usual one, the one who knows the dog and its nature.

The rewards must be given immediately, in a timely manner, otherwise the dog cannot associate the gesture with yours positive feedback. The well trained dog learns quickly, must be praised and rewarded within 2 seconds of the behavior desired or requested by us. It can also become part of the equipment clicker, to apply this method of instant praise with this "clicking" device, faster than giving a reward or a caress on the head.

This strategy on the how to train a dog it is based on creating a positive association between the clicker sound and the rewards. To the good result of the dog is connected a click and the click connected in the dog's mind to a reward, because this is what we have made him understand. Once this connection is established, the how to train a dog it's easy. A "click".

How to train a dog: what not to do

In addition to how to train a dog there is also how you can't train a dog. And here comes the things not to do. Do not constantly change version and tasks, but we remain consistent with requests and conduct. For example: if a dog does not have to get on the sofa, it is not that if one evening there are friends or a nephew, the rule does not apply, otherwise anarchy, confusion is transmitted, lack of reference.

Don't leave it bark to get your attention. Sometimes it is also necessary to ignore him, even: I do not say to always do this but we do not give in to the fact that if he stuns us by barking as much as possible we will become at his command. Conversely, it is good for us too let's avoid screaming.

Learn how to train a dog it does not mean becoming tyrants or madmen who scream out loud orders: it is better to keep the shouts for emergencies. The command must be pronounced with a firm and convinced voice, not too loud, and must be repeated every 2-3 seconds, until the dog does, then must be commended.

Never let the dog bites us, not even for fun, but I often see it done. Not the case, there are so many other ways to play that are less misunderstood. Even letting the dog lean with his weight on our legs is not a good thing: for him it means becoming master of our space. Other than we train him! The most important "not", however, is this: don't be cruel and don't hit himotherwise he will be disheartened and learn to fear us. And goodbye to man's best friend dog.

If you want to read a valid text that explains in detail how to train your dog, with specific commands and exercises, and that also suggests the solution to many small daily problems I recommend "Dog Training - The complete guide to educate and understand your dog perfectly" by Nicola Ruggero.

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