Hairless dogs, said more simply, and with a touch of malice, naked dogs. Their appearance, funny, beautiful or ugly that appears to you, are the result of genetic mutations that have led to the total or partial absence of the coat.
This feature, scientifically, is called autosomal trichodontodysplasia dominant and is not literally total absence, there is a bit of hair on it skull, tail and bottom paws, the rest of the body is covered with flimsy hair but does not appear as shaved. If so, someone has shaved him.
The breeds of hairless dogs they are very difficult to breed because there is a high mortality among puppies: the genetic mutation that "strips" the dogs is linked to a gene that causes fetal resorption of 25% of puppies.
THE hairless dogs they also have several complications that would not seem strictly related to the absence of a coat. For example on the teeth: they have teeth are smaller and they have fewer, They are without premolars and sometimes even without canines. No thick hair also means no eyelashes and hyperpigmented skin.
Hairless dogs: breeds
There are various examples of hairless dogsHowever, many are not officially recognized breeds. If we look at those on the FCI list, there are the naked dog of Mexico, known as Xoloitzcuintle, the Chinese Crested dog, the Peruvian hairless dog (Perro sin pelo del Peru) and the Argentine pile. Not recognized by the FCI but by the American Kennel Club yes, among the hairless dogs we can remember theAmerican Hairless Terrier.
Hairless Dogs: Xoloitzcuintle
Between hairless dogs it is one of the oldest, was born in Mexico 8,000 years ago and preserves an area between the magical and the religious around its very particular features. His figure has always been linked to religious rites, in particular to those accompanying the dead. So much so that its name recalls the god Xolotl, god who guides the souls of the dead to their eternal home.
Despite being a sacred dog, perhaps because it is among the hairless dogs, but in history it has also been used as food: a periodaccio, between 300 and 900 AD. Recognized by the FCI, lo Xoloitcuintle it is in the group of primitive type dogs. It will be recognition or origins in the odor of sanctity, but these hairless dogs they have a rather presumptuous character, it seems that they look down on anyone, with an aristocratic attitude.
Elegant are elegant, though without cloak it's a strange effect. But there are those who love him for that. This Mexican is however an affectionate animal with the owner with whom he is adorable, very much intelligent and generally quiet, even with strangers. He does not like to bark. There are three sizes, all are hairless dogs, both the standard (46 to 60 cm), the medium (36 to 45 cm), and the small, miniature (25 to 35 cm).
Hairless dogs: Peruvian hairless dog
It has arrived, already hairless, during the Chinese immigration and settled in Peru, but there are also hypotheses about his African origin, in a wave of arrivals of nomads with hairless dogs. A third possibility is the route from Asia through the Bering Strait.
Its appearance is very similar to others hairless dogs like the Mexican one we have just met, the Xoloitcuintle. Physically they look like twins, this Peruvian character seems less presumptuous but i hairless dogs they seem to be very reserved and with a bit of a noble air. However, there remains a great devotion to the master.
THE hairless dogs Peruvians are loving, alert and alert but peaceful, albeit wary of strangers. Also for this breed of hairless dogs, recognized by the FCI, there are three sizes, from small (from 25 to 40 cm) passing from medium (from 40 to 50 cm), up to large (from 50 to 65 cm). They are smaller sizes than the Mexican hairless colleague, both are rare to see in Italy.
Hairless dogs: Argentine pila
We stay in America and pass from Peru to Argentina for the Stack. These are hairless dogs which remain similar to the previous ones again. However, there is a however, the Argentine pila can be distinguished from the others, because it is among the hairless dogs the most hairless.
In fact, the only hairy areas it has are the head and tail and there it forms a sort of crest. Between the Xoloitcuintle and i hairless dogs Peruvian, in size, the Argentine pila are hairless dogs more similar to the second ones, always in three versions: small, medium and large.
Of character, these hairless dogs Argentines remain as usual with their fellow citizens, with a cheerful, dynamic and playful character. The Argentine pila, if you like hairless dogs, make excellent companion dogs. At csa they feel good, comfortable, and they are easy to educate.
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