How to grow rosemary in pots or in the garden. Advice on how to grow rosemary on the balcony or in the open ground.
The rosemary is an aromatic plant that can be safely grown in the garden or on the terrace, placed in pots. The rosemary it is a very resistant plant and does not require special care.
How to grow rosemary
For the cultivation of rosemary it is enough to buy the seedlings from the nursery or in supermarkets and transplant them into a larger pot with universal soil. The soil, both for grow rosemary in potsboth in the ground, it must be well draining and enriched with organic fertilizer.
On this page we will explain you in detailhow to grow rosemary in pots(on the terrace, on the balcony or at home) or in the open field (in the vegetable garden or garden).
Planting rosemary, exhibition
There cultivation of rosemary provides a position where the plant is exposed to the sun. Rosemary is a plant that loves heat and develops better if we place it in the south.
For those who live in the north of Italy and in mountain areas with severe winters. In winter, it is good to protect the plant dthe rosemary from frost with a non-woven sheet.
Irrigate the rosemary in the garden
Irrigation must be constant and daily in the first year of age, taking care not to exceed and cause stagnation of water.
Subsequently it will be sufficient to water the rosemary every two or three days in the spring summer period: once it has grown it becomes resistant to drought.
In winter and autumn, especially in rainy periods, do not water the plant.
Pruning of rosemary for food use
If it is a plant that is used in the kitchen, it is advisable to cut the highest branches with gardening scissors, making a clean cut and avoiding scratching the plant.
This samepruningit is avoided when the plant is cultivated for ornamental purposes because it prevents or limits the production of flowers.
Pruning of rosemary
Rosemary tolerates drastic pruning but this can sometimes be counterproductive.
Rosemary can reach a maximum height of 150 cm, however, with aging it tends to lignify and strip at the bottom. Pruning, in this context, focuses on cutting old branches to make the plant always clump with new and richer leaves.
For a containment pruning, cut the branches at least 4-6 cm from the ends.
You can continue with one pruningmore drastic in early autumn in the south and late summer in the north. In this period, it canprune the rosemarycutting off all the branches more drastically: cut half of each branch on the plant.
Multiplication of rosemary by cutting
It is possible to multiply the plant by rosemary by cuttings by cutting a semi-woody branch of about 10 centimeters.
Remove all the leaves that are lower and leave only those at the top, place the cutting in a jar with sand and earth in equal parts until March, then it will be sufficient to transplant the new plant into a larger pot.
The rosemaryit can also be multiplied by cutting in water. In practice, the branch should be rooted in a vase of non-calcareous water. For all information, please refer to the guide dedicated tocutting in water of the rosemary.
How to grow rosemary in pots
As soon as you have purchased the plant, carry out the first repotting by renewing the soil and freeing the excessively tangled roots.
How to repot rosemary
In spring, repot the rosemary in a larger pot and renew the soil. When transplanting the seedling into the largest pot, preferably in clay, place a few pebbles on the bottom to facilitate water drainage.
Irrigate potted rosemary
Although rosemary is a drought tolerant plant, when grown in pots care must be taken with watering. In the first year of the plant's age, it will need to be watered daily. In the following years, irrigate the rosemary more frequently in spring and summer.
If grown indoors, pay attention to the humidity in the air: if the air is dry, irrigate more frequently. For the same reason, if the rosemary is placed on the balcony or in very windy areas, irrigate more frequently.
Fertilize potted rosemary
The soil must be fertilized every 15 days with specific organic fertilizer for green plants.
Rosemary essential oil
Not only in the kitchen, rosemary leaves (but also twigs and flowers) can be used for the production of essential oil.
Rosemary essential oil is popular for its medicinal virtues and cosmetic properties.
Rosemary essential oil can be produced at home but do not be under any illusions about the yield. In the industrial field, a few liters of essential oils can be extracted for each hectare of cultivated land. With a potted rosemary plant, the yield will be a few milliliters. Rosemary essential oil is produced by steam distillation.