There permaculture is a design system for eco-sustainable human settlements, consisting of agronomic practices, similar to natural ecosystems. Here's how and where to apply the permaculture…
Arrived in Italy in 2000, the permaculture it is based on the theory that by using it in an ethical and responsible way in agricultural production systems, it is possible to recreate a perfect balance between man and nature which is indispensable to life itself. In summary, the permaculture consists in demonstrating that human survival can depend on a type of agriculture capable of lasting over time with an almost zero impact on the environment.
How to do home permaculture,
There permaculture it can already be found in small households, starting from the balcony, terrace or garden.
The window, for example, even if it is the least comfortable situation, can be suitable for cultivation. You can hang a few light pots around the window in which to grow cut salads: just plant them in succession and they will be ripe in the same order, so, while the first just grows back, you can move on to the next ones. Alternatively, you can create a plant curtain that consists of placing a box pot in front of the window and planting a trellis on which to climb chillies and tropeolus. Upside down tomatoes can also be grown in pet bottles. Do not overlook the cultivation in small pots of the most common aromatic plants such as rosemary, sage and chives.
With a terrace or a balcony much more interesting scenarios open up for the permaculture. To begin with, we can take advantage of the verticality by placing shelves and shelves, while for the side open to the street we can use racks that will also create pleasant slightly shaded areas and a sort of barrier with the outside. On the ground we can then arrange the taller plants behind the lower ones, using light containers: old plastic buckets, jute bags, fruit crates, old pots but also tetrapak cut in half and perforated at the bottom are perfect for small plants.
Many have no idea how good food can be produced on a simple terrace! Tomatoes, carrots, aubergines, green beans that climb on the racks, but much more….
As for the water supply, we can connect the tanks to the gutters to recover the providential rainwater, perhaps camouflaging them with climbing plants, but even simple buckets may be sufficient in the case of a small vegetable terrace. To then fertilize our plants we can prepare compost with organic waste.
In short, the ideas to practice the permaculture there are many, you just need to put in a little will and passion.
Among the most interesting and useful books to approach permaculture we recommend Introduction to Permaculture written by Reny Mia Slay and Bill Mollison.
The text explains how to combine the knowledge of different disciplines (natural agriculture, bio-architecture, climatology, economics, botany, forestry, ecology) to cultivate in harmony with nature.
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