Thecalicanthusit is a very fragrant plant, resistant to cold and frost, therefore perfect for embellishing the gardens of those who live in the north of Italy. Thecalicanthusit is native to the mountain forests of Sichuan, a region in the southwest of China, where it grows up to 3,000 meters above sea level.
Those who want a fragrant garden even in winter can grow thecalicanthus,Chimonanthus praecox, synonym ofCalycanthus praecox, Calycanthus fragrans, owes its name to the termscheimon and anthoswhich in ancient Greek mean respectively winter and flower, praecox, from the early Latin, refers to the earliness of its flowers that bloom in the middle of winter.
The strength of thecalicanthusit lies not in her beauty, but in the strong fragrance of hersflowers. Thecalicanthusit is a densely branched shrub from the base, it can reach 4 meters in height and a diameter of about 3 meters. The leaves are oval, rough to the touch and an intense green color, in autumn they take on a beautiful golden yellow color. The flowers originate from buds that are formed in the previous summer on the branches of at least two years, in fact in young specimens (4-6 years) flowering is not particularly abundant.
Thecalicanthusit does not need special care, in fact it is perfect as a low maintenance ornamental garden plant. It is sufficient to fertilize it only in the first 2-3 years after planting, it is fertilized in autumn with mature manure (or other organic fertilizer), at the rate of 3-4 kg per square meter and irrigated periodically.
Adult specimens need neither water nor fertilizer. Pruning should not be frequent either: thecalicanthusit is a slow-growing plant, so pruning is limited to the removal of dry, broken or intricate branches. The good time to practicepruningis at the end of flowering. During pruning, care must be taken to leave as many branches as possible for at least two years.
Thecalicanthusit is ideal for planting near the house or in a passageway such as along a wall or inside a mixed hedge. It can be associated with evergreen and deciduous flowering species, such as the strawberry tree or the pomegranate. Another ideal location for thecultivationof thecalicanthusis the driveway: plant it near the entrance gate to the garden, its flowering will attract your gaze even on the coldest days of winter.
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