How to grow garlic

How to grow garlic: from sowing to harvest, the best time and practical advice for cultivation. Cultivation of garlic based on the Moon.

Growing garlic is a very simple operation and is inexpensive. In a single season, it is possible to grow a huge amount of garlic even with little space available. Thanks to its potential, many people aim for income cultivation. For the cultivation of income-producing garlic, please refer to the end of the page.

Cultivation of red garlic

To grow red garlic, all you have to do is follow the same guidelines as for common garlic. The transplanting of the cloves is normally carried out in the second half of December, with a very long useful period ranging from November to January. Those in the north should postpone planting.

How to grow garlic

For the cultivation of garlic it is good to choose an area in full sun. Before sowing thecloves, it is best to make the soil more fertile by adding compost or mature manure.

To start, get yourself somegarlicfresh from organic farming. It is essential that the "garlic heads " are fresh and of good quality as the treated garlic may not sprout. From the head of garlic, choose the largest cloves and discard the soft ones. If you have found garlic at home that has already sprouted, it will be perfect for cultivation. If you really don't know where to get thegarlic to grow, contact a nursery that will provide you withgarlic for sowing. 

How to grow garlic, useful information

  • The soil must be fertile, soft and well drained. The sunny position.
  • Open the "garlic head" to recover the healthiest and largest cloves (bulbils). At this stage, be careful not to damage the base of the cloves, nor the film that wraps each bulb.
  • The cloves should always be planted with the tip upwards and at a depth of 3-5 cm.
  • The distance between one future plant and another (between the two cloves) must be at least 10 cm.
  • Cover the planted cloves with piaccime (hay, dry leaves, straw, compost…).

How to fertilize garlic

As stated, before sowing it will be necessary to fertilize the soil with compost or mature manure. During the growth cycle, the garlic will have to be grown twice. Those who live in a temperate climate zone canplanting garlic in the fall, leave it in the ground during the winter and collect it at the end of the following summer, in which case a second fertilization will have to be done in spring. Conversely, those who plant in the spring will have to fertilize again in the fall.

Best time to grow garlic

The best time forcultivate easegoes from autumn to spring, it all depends on the climatic zone.

When growing garlic

The best time to grow garlic is from November to March based on the climatic zone of interest.

- Those who live in southern Italy, in an area with a mild climate, can bury the cloves in the autumn period.
- Those who live in the north of Italy, in a colder climate area, can proceed to bury the cloves in the spring.

Cultivation of garlic and moon

When planting garlic based on the moon? The best time for plant garlic falls between the fifth day before the full moon and the first day after the full moon, so garlic should be planted in the very first phase of the waxing moon.

To understand how to distinguish the old moon from the new moon, I recommend reading the article:moon and sowing.

Garlic, income crop

In crop rotation, garlic must comply with a 4-5 year shift, in order to reduce infestations of the nematode Ditylenchus Dipsaci.

The planting density varies but must never exceed 25 garlic plants per square meter. Generally, 15 to 25 plants are grown for every square meter of land.

The plants should be planted with distances between the rows of 40-50 cm and 10 - 20 cm on the row. In fertilizing in the income crops an average of 100-120 kg of nitrogen per hectare, 60-100 of phosphorus and 80-100 of potassium per hectare are distributed.

Video: Grow garlic, an easy crop with no dig, hard or softneck, tips for harvest (January 2022).