Go mushrooming it is an activity not to be taken lightly for at least two reasons: respect for the environment and one's own safety. Given that a walk in the woods is one thing and another go for mushrooms, collectors are divided into two categories: seekers and hikers. There are also professionals, but this article is not for them.
The gatherer-seekers are those who i mushrooms they go looking for them. In the good period of the mushroom they get up early in the morning and go to check their places, even very inaccessible ones. that most of the time they already know. Day-trippers are less on target and for them go mushrooming it means to run into some carpophore (the 'fruit' of the mushrooms, i.e. the external part of the ground) on the route of the excursion.
It should be remembered for the latter more than the former that i mushrooms they perform an important, indeed irreplaceable function in their environment, while once collected they only serve to satisfy curiosity or to be used in the kitchen. For this reason i mushrooms which you do not know and which you do not intend to bring to the table should be left where they are, also avoiding breaking them with a stick or stepping on them.
Equipment for mushrooming. Let's start with clothing, which must be comfortable, practical and tear-resistant. A mushroom can mean hours and hours of walking in the woods and along slippery slopes, you need lots of pockets to have everything at hand (a light hunter is ideal as a 'last layer') and good boots. Rubber boots can also be used on the plains, which are better in mud and tall grass, but in the mountains the dangers are slips and vipers so sturdy boots are better.
For go mushrooming need a stick. You can bring it from home as usual mushroom makers who are fond of their tool or make one on the spot using an already broken branch (let's leave the trees alone). The stick must serve both as a support when walking and to gently push aside the foliage that often covers the mushrooms. The other things you need are a knife and a basket.
The knife is used to dig the carpophores from the ground with the stem perfectly intact. This is important for a correct determination of the fungus, which must always be observed in full. The basket, excellent wicker ones, is used to contain mushrooms protecting them from bumps and well ventilated.
The stick in one hand, the basket in the other and the knife in the pocket: if the ground is not steep you can go mushrooming so. If you need a free hand, the container of mushrooms it can become a backpack (which is usually not lacking), taking care to choose one with a bit of a rigid and flat bottom. Plastic bags are to be avoided, which it is true that they are comfortable to carry but they crush and damage the mushrooms.
If you are a mushroom enthusiast, perhaps you may also be interested in Cultivating mushrooms: how is it done?
Collecting mushrooms: the places and the dangers
Other useful tips and information on the mushroom picking:
- Poisonous mushrooms, how to recognize them
- Edible Mushrooms
- Where to collect mushrooms
- Advice on mushroom picking