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How to fertilize the soil


How to fertilize the soil: from organic to chemical fertilizers and all the techniques to improve thesoil fertility.

To grow and thrive, plants need air, water, sunlight, and at least 13 essential elements they derive fromgroundthrough a perfect root system. Over the years, agroundit can become impoverished. Keep in mind that beforefertilize the soilwith organic and mineral substances, it will be necessary to improve its structure by means of an appropriatedigging. Therediggingit is necessary to ensure the plants agroundsoft where the roots can be extended.

How to fertilize the soil with natural fertilizers

THE natural fertilizers are those allowed in the organic method. With inatural fertilizersnutritional elements are added, we also remind you thatamendments,by bringing organic components to the soil, they improve itstructure favoring plant growth on several fronts. What are thenatural fertilizers?

  • Compost
    It can be administered directly at the root level, it can be mixed with ground or to the soil for growing in pots.
  • Guano
    Guano is obtained from deposits of bird droppings. The most suitable period forfertilize the soilwith guano it is spring.
  • Humus of earthworms
    Is the bestnatural fertilizerpresent in nature.
  • Manure and manure
    It is the faeces of farm animals mixed with straw.
  • Pelleted manure
    Again this is manure, but unlike fresh manure it is much more practical to use.
  • Pollina
    It is always manure but this time we are talking about chicken and poultry manure.
  • Ox blood
    In the past, ox blood was actually used but today this term indicates anatural fertilizerless "bloody“; it's about beet molasses!

Betweennatural fertilizerswe also mention theGreen manure, more than afertilizerit is a real agricultural technique by which thefertilityand soil structure. We refer you toGreen manure of legumes.

Organic fertilization has major advantages over artificial fertilizers that we find on the market:

  • supports humus and other natural organic components of the soil
  • improves the soil structure
  • allows the release of nutrients in a slower and more natural way
  • prevents the erosion of the land responsible for desertification
  • it helps to limit soil moisture, reducing stress due to excessive humidity
  • it limits the extensive drainage of soluble nitrogen and phosphorus, with consequent eutrophication of the water, which causes the death of the fish.

THE synthetic fertilizers they are easily found on the market. When using them, you must be very careful to respect the dosage. When we talk aboutfertilize a soilwith artificial fertilizers there is only to read the label. The methods of use vary greatly from manufacturer to manufacturer, in addition it is also possible to choose the form of administration as there are granular fertilizers, diluted liquids, in concentrated vials, in powder ... but be careful not to burn the roots!

If you have a plot ofgroundand you want to improve both its structure and the amount of nutrients, we recommend that you follow our instructions described in the articlehow to make soil fertile.

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Video: Learn the Basics of Fertilizer (November 2021).