Fireplace or stove? Here's how to choose

Fireplace or stove? If we are planning to expand or build a heating system for our home, we probably run into the dilemma: betterfireplace or stove? Here are the parameters to evaluate to choose the best.

Before orienting on the choice offireplacerather than one stove, it is necessary to evaluate the practical-constructive aspect. To choose betweenfireplace or stovethe first factors to consider are two:
- the size of the room to be heated
- the feasibility of realizing theflue and the air intake

What are the reasons that prompt you to buy one stove or fireplace?
To cook, to save on heating or simply to furnish? Even the style of furniture can help you choose. As stated, the first factors to be evaluated concern the size of the room to be heated and the building characteristics of the structure that will have to hostfireplace or stove.

  • Dimensions of the environment to be heated

First, calculate the size of the room to be heated in order to obtain thethermal power which will correspond to kW. The thermal power is a value expressed in kW and represents the power needed to heat an environment.

Thermal power will answer a first question: will succeed the fireplace to heat the whole room or the whole house?And again, the heat output will help you choose the stove based on the size of the room. To answer these questions, we refer you to the article How to calculate the necessary heat output.

  • Fireplace or stove? The structural differences

THEfireplacesthey are powered by wood, pellets or bioethanol (more information onBioethanol fireplaces). They consist of a cavity in which combustion takes place, a flue that brings the combustion fumes to the outside of the house, a hood and ventilation grids arranged on the hood and which convey the heat coming from thefireplace.

Thefireplaceit can be covered with material of different colors and finishes so it can move with modern or traditional style furnishings, for further information visit the pageHow to choose a fireplace.

Thestovesthey are powered by pellets, bioethanol, oil, wood, gas or multi-fuel. The entire mechanism ofstove is controlled by some kind ofmicroprocessorwhich regulates the flow of air and power supply in order to make combustion more efficient. Thestovesthey have a fuel tank that can be gradually dosed and passed into the combustion chamber.

A combustion air intake system, at the same time, conveys the air into the burner and pushes out the combustion fumes (further details onVentless stoves). How a stove works? In the combustion crucible (the chamber where the actual combustion takes place), very high temperature air is introduced, conveyed by the "centrifugal fan". The heating air fan pushes the air heated by an electrical resistance into the combustion chamber which causes the ignition of the pellets or other fuel.

To ensure that combustion occurs, there must never be a lack of air in the combustion crucible, which is why there is a system that introduces air into the burner and an aspirator that conveys the combustion fumes to the exhaust vents. The hot air produced by combustion comes out through a grill both by convection and by ventilation.

Afireplace or stovecan it heat the whole house?
The answer is yes. Some models offireplaces or stovesthey can be channeled or channeled. The heating systems (fireplaces or stoves) ducted are already designed to heat the rooms adjacent to the room where the system is installed. Ductable systems need to be integrated with kits to be purchased separately. In both cases,fireplaces or stoves, are associated with simple conductors that bring the hot air into the various rooms of the house through prepared vents.

You may also be interested in the article on Modern, electric or wood-burning fireplace

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