Heating the house it can cost up to two thirds of the household energy consumption. This means that you waste and save in managing the heating home they affect our wallets, in a negative or positive way.
But heat the house it also affects housing well-being. Any combustion process can in fact become a source of pollution, from the gas stove in the kitchen to the radiators that dry the air, from the malfunctioning boiler to the fireplace that produces carbon monoxide.
Money and health: there is enough to dedicate to the chapter 'heat the house’A good dose of attention. Here then is a series of tips on home heating to minimize both expenditure and pollution.
- The heating system. The first thing to do is a check of the status and correctness boiler operation. After about ten years and the wear of the materials, it is normal for the boiler to lose efficiency, gradually becoming less and less economical. Also because repairs become more frequent. Replace the boiler with a more efficient one, for example one condensing boiler, it can be an excellent investment also in light of the tax bonus.
- Indoor air temperature and humidity. At home and in the office, thermohygrometric comfort is reached with a temperature of 20 ° C and a relative humidity of between 45 and 55 percent. In the sleeping areas even 18 ° C is just fine. It is estimated that each degree less leads to a saving of about 5% of the heating bill, but it must be seen if it is worth it. Therefore, the temperature and humidity of the air must be kept under control and if correct (see our article How to dehumidify a room) It may be useful to have a small weather station at home
- Air the rooms well. With windows open in winter, heating is wasted, but never opening them is harmful to health and encourages the formation of mold on the walls. To avoid mistakes, do this: first lower the boiler thermostat (if you have independent heating) then open the windows as wide as possible for 10-15 minutes. Better a few minutes with the windows wide open than leaving the windows a little open all day. Remember that well-oxygenated air, in addition to being healthy, heats up better than stale air.
- Radiators. They must never be covered by furniture or cloths and must be kept free of dust. The black that often forms around the radiators indicates that the burnt dust enriches the air with soot particles that are not at all healthy. Behind the radiators a layer of reflective material can be applied to reduce heat dispersion. Another valuable aid for heat the house without waste, now prescribed by law, are the thermostatic valves.
- Stoves and fireplaces. Wood-burning stoves and fireplaces are beautiful and produce healthier heat than radiators, but they can also be a source of pollution and hide dangers. The smoke and soot from stoves and fireplaces, which are a source of pollution for the outside air, contain harmful substances (especially carbon monoxide) that can also be released inside. In the presence of stoves and fireplaces, it is often necessary to check that the smoke extraction is correct and that the air exchange is adequate and continuous.
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