Bird recognition, a practical guide

Indications on the bird recognitionand how to attract birds to your garden. There are many species of birds that live in our environments. On this page we describe some bird species that can commonly be found in the Italian countryside in order to provide you with the means to recognize them and attract them to your garden.

How to attract birds to the garden The bird recognitionit is not an easy task, a good visual memory is needed, a little effort to remember names and a good hearing to recognize birds by listening to their song. Bird singing is a good wake up call for everyone, so who's wondering how to attract birds to your garden, in addition to the description of the species, we provide you with the feeding habits of some birds in order to show you the way to attract them to your garden. Birds can colonize any ecosystem, as long as they can find food resources.


  • Redstart, Phoenicurus phoenicurus

It is 14.5 cm long and has a wingspan of 22 - 26 cm. It is widespread throughout Northern Italy, in part of the center and in small coastal areas in the south. It frequents the countryside full of hedges and thickets from March to September, although some latecomers show up until November. Its diet is mainly insectivorous but in winter and occasionally it also feeds on berries.

  • The bee-eater, Merops apiaster

The colorful bee-eater has a length of 26 - 30 cm with a wingspan of 34 - 48 cm. It is a migratory bird that can be seen throughout the territory of Sardinia, on most of the Italian coasts (it is rare in Sicily and Liguria) and in Northern Italy. It is a beautiful migratory bird from Africa. It arrives in the Italian countryside around April and then abandons them in September. It feeds only on insects which it mainly catches on the fly. If between April and September you see a colorful bird chasing an insect in flight, and catching it along its trajectory ... it is probably a bee-eater.

  • Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis

It is 17 cm long and has a wingspan of 25 - 30 cm. It feeds mainly on fish and therefore can only be seen in the countryside and wetlands. Eat small fish. The kingfisher does not migrate and since it feeds only on fish, during the winters it can suffer up to starvation, especially in areas of northern Italy where the waterways can freeze for long periods.

  • Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus

The kestrel is a 32 - 35 cm long bird, with a wingspan of 71 - 80 cm. The kestrel is one of the smallest raptors of the genushawk. It is carnivorous and with its careful eyesight it can scrutinize and hunt many small animals such as lizards, mice, large insects, small birds, moles and voles. The kestrel is widespread throughout the Italian territory ... nothing is missing in its diet, as long as it is animals: the kestrel is a ravenous carnivorous bird. On rainy days, when the earthworms come out of the earthy substrates, the kestrel enjoys great feasting.


Other species have been described in the articleRecognizing birds, a practical guide

In addition, in the article entitledHow to know the birds, we would like to point out two bird identification guides, very useful for both beginners and more experienced ornithologists.


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