Therepassionflowerit is a herbaceous plant grown for ornamental, culinary or therapeutic purposes: there are manypropertyand the beneficial effects ofpassionflower. Therepassionflowerit is native to central and southern America although many species come from North America, Australia and Asia.
There are 465 species of passionflower, among these the most popular for cultivation for purpose ornamental and and for therapeutic properties are the Passiflora caerulea and Passiflora incarnata.
Thisplantit is not only appreciated for its flowers: it is loved by Italians for itstherapeutic propertiesand for its particularfruit calledmaracuja.
Passiflora: plant and cultivation
Therecultivation of Passiflora in Italy it is made possible thanks to the speciesPassiflora caerulea:it is among the few of the 465 species that can withstand the winter cold of our climate.
It is appreciated for its long branching andcultivationit is designed to cover walls, fences, pergolas or simply in the garden or in pots as a houseplant.
TherePassiflora caeruleait has long branches capable of anchoring itself to any support, it has persistent or semi-persistent leaves, dark green in color. It is appreciated for its beautiful 8-12 cm wide flowers (on average, they have a diameter of 10 cm).
THE passionflower flowers they are greenish-white in color, have 5 pinkish-white petals and 5 sepals that surround a double crown of white, blue, violet, lilac or purple filaments. The filaments surround, in turn, the golden anthers, 5 stamens and gynoecium with 3 carpels with large stigmas.
Therepassiflora caerula, incropsplants, blooms in summer. There flowering runs from June to September.
As stated, there are numerous species and, in addition, hundreds of varieties selected by flower growers and nurserymen are added. To choose theplantbest suited to your climatic needs, you can contact your trusted nursery or agricultural consortium closest to home.
For all the info:how to grow passionflower
Maracujá: fruit of the passion flower
THE passionflower fruits they are oblong globose berries with fleshy aril and rich in seeds. The berries of thepassionflowerare consumed for property nutritional and beneficial, in the Caribbean they are calledmaracuja (pictured below) and have a mild flavor.
The species ofpassionflowermost suitable forfruit cultivation (for the consumption of berries) are:
- the Passiflora antioquiensis,
- P. coccinea,
- P. edulis,
- P. laurifolia,
- P. ligularis,
- the Passiflora maliformis,
- P. membranacea,
- P. mixta,
- there Passionflower very soft,
- the P. nitida,
- P. vitifolia.
Other species also produceedible fruits but these are the most popular for the production ofmaracuja. The fruit is shown in the photo below.
Who intendscultivate passionflowerit can proceed with planting in the ground or in pots. It grows well on terraces or balconies but the exposure must be sunny and warm. It can thrive in fertile and sufficiently cool soils.
Those who live in the north of Italy and wantcultivate passionflowerhe will have to be careful to protect it from the winter cold and to choose a position sheltered from the wind, especially in the first years of the plant's life.
All sorts ofornamental passionflowerthey can be grown indoors or in greenhouses: they require warm, bright environments with good humidity in the air.
How to cure passionflower
As stated, it will be necessary to adopt protections for the cold and winter frosts, especially in Northern Italy.
As for fertilizing, it is recommended to administer a liquid fertilizer every 15 days during from late spring until the end of flowering. After this period, the fertilizations can be monthly. Irrigation must be abundant.
For thecultivation of passion flower in pots, it will be necessary to repot or refill in spring.
At the time of the vegetative restart, it will be necessary to practice a drastic pruning. Therepassionflowerit hates water stagnation so it is better to choose a draining soil or add a little sand to improve the soil structure.
The hardy varieties or the P. caerulea species are possiblecultivateeven outdoors, therefore in the open ground and beyondin pot. Care must see:
- Exposure: sunny
- Soil: fertile and fresh
- Position: poorly ventilated but well ventilated
The plant is sensitive to winter frost, especially in the first years after planting.
Species of ornamental passionflower
Here is the list ofornamental passion flowersto grow at home:
- Passiflora edulis
- P. trafasciata
- P. quadrangularis
- Passiflora humbilicata
- P. trifasciata
The species of passionflowerornamental, fromcultivatelikeplantsfrom apartment, they are: passiflora racemosa with its flowers reddish or whitish gathered in pendulous inflorescences, which blooms from May to September (period of flowering).
When does Passiflora edùlis bloom? Flowering is from June to August-September. P. trifasciata and P. quadrangularis bloom from May to July with white-pink flowers.
P. violacea has aflowering periodwhich runs from August to September. umbilicata has red-brownish flowers.
The species used forpropertymedicines are the already mentionedPassiflora caeruleaand the two speciesP. incarnata and P. edulis. The green parts are rich in flavonoids, alkaloids, indoles, maltol and fatty acids. The young shoots are collected between June and September: the green parts are dried in a well-ventilated place, away from direct sunlight.
Passionflower infusion is highly appreciated for relieving nervous tension, loved by those suffering from anxiety or by those who are interrupting a therapy based on anxiolytics or other psychotropic drugs.