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Sunburn, how to treat yourself and prevent them


They call themsunburnorsun burnsbut industry experts define themsunburn, they are easy to prevent but can be quite difficult to cure and make disappear, especially for those with particularly light and delicate skin.

Sunburn or sunburn
Forsunburnmeans the communesunburnorburndictated by prolonged exposure to UV rays, without the use of adequate sun protection.

Why did we say in the introduction that it can be hard to make disappear especially for those with fair skin?
Thesunburnthey are real first or second degree burns. Depending on the extent of the damage, freckles and skin spots may occur, as well as thesunburnincrease the risk ofmelanoma(skin cancer) and promote skin aging resulting in the formation of wrinkles and loss of skin elasticity.

With these premises it is clear that everyone should be prevented and best protected by themselves. The prevention ofsunburnit is done using suitable protective creams and preferring exposure to UV rays during those hours of the day when the sun beats down less intensely. To understand how to do prevention, please refer to the guide articleHow to protect yourself from the sun.

Sunburn, the symptoms
As stated, thesunburnit consists of an authentic first or second degree burn; in the case of sunburn, the symptoms appear within 12 hours of exposure to the sun. Thesunburncan cause:

  • redness of the skin
  • burning
  • blisters and vesicles
  • skin papules that cause itching
  • hypersensitivity of the skin to touch
  • exfoliation
  • xerosis (dry skin)

The damages ofsunburnvary byphototype of our skinand the amount of UV rays absorbed.

Phototype and sensitivity to UV rays
We can highlight six different onesphototypes,each with its own peculiar characteristics and with a certain sensitivity to UV rays. To summarize, we show you the basic characteristics of the six phototypes.

  1. Phototype 1
    Extremely sensitive to UV rays. It concerns subjects who tend to get burned but never tan, with light and pale skin. It is advisable not to expose yourself to the sun and, if necessary, to use a full screen protection.
  2. Phototype 2
    Very sensitive to uv rays. Concerns people who burn easily and tan little. Also in this case, we recommend staying in the shade as much as possible and using a very high level of sun protection.
  3. Phototype 3
    Sensitivity to UV rays is medium. Usually these subjects tend to tan gradually and the choice of protection should be made according to the level of tan in progress and be between 8 and 15 fp.
  4. Phototype 4
    Sensitivity to UV rays is low to medium. This phototype concerns subjects who tend to get minimal sunburn and to achieve good levels of tan. In this case we recommend a sunscreen between 4 and 8 fp and always in relation to the tan.
  5. Phototype 5
    Minimum sensitivity to UV rays. Generally these people have olive skin and dark eyes. They tan intensely but equally we recommend a sunscreen even if minimal.
  6. Phototype 6
    Featuring very dark or black leather. They are not prone to sunburn, in fact they never get burned. The use of 4/6 fp sunscreen is recommended.

How to cure a sunburn
Thesunburnthey tend to heal spontaneously within a few days, however, to soothe the symptoms, it is possible to take advantage of some natural remedies. For all the natural remedies we refer you to our article dedicated toSunburn.

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Video: 3 Easy Tips on How to Prevent Sunburn (September 2021).