How to sow or plant artichokes: all the instructions on how and when to plant artichokes. From garden cultivation to advice for those who intend to grow artichokes in pots.
When to plant artichokes
THE artichokesto grow properly, they need a mild climate; the best time for grow artichokes falls in spring but far from the last winter frosts.
THE artichokes they do not tolerate too low temperatures and do not resist below 0 ° C. Temperatures that are too high are also not suitable for cultivation of artichokes, better than during the day, temperatures are not constantly above 25 ° C. That's why spring is the season for artichoke.
In any case, distinctions must be made on when to plant artichokes based on the type of system we wish to perform. It is possible to plant artichoke seedlings or start from sowing and not only.
Cultivation of the artichoke
THEartichokescan be grown from seeds even if the most common practice involves the implant starting from carducci maybe made from the neighbor's plant! If a trusted nursery or a neighbor can supply you with carducci, cultivation will certainly be faster, otherwise you will have to start with sowing.
Here are the various methods to get started grow artichokes:
- Planting of seedlings provided with earth bread purchased at garden centers.
- Planting of carducci.
- Planting of ovules.
- Sowing of artichokes, direct sowing in the vegetable garden or in a seedbed to then provide for the final planting.
Theresowing of artichokes in seedbedsit is performed to speed up the harvest.
Cultivation of the artichoke, period
Returning to the question "when to grow artichokes“, we can schematize as follows:
- - April and May
These are the ideal months for the planting of the artichoke, or rather the artichoke seedlings with earthen bread.
- -February and March | September and October
In this period it is possible to continue with the planting of the carducci.
- -July and August
Ovoli are gems of different sizes and are formed at the base of the buried stem. The ovoli of the artichokes are the preliminary stage of the carducci.
- -February and March
You can continue with sowing in the seedbed.
- April May
At the end of May in the North and mid-April in the South, depending on the climatic trend, it is possible to continue with direct sowing in the open field.
How to sow artichokes
Artichoke seeds take 10 - 15 days to germinate. After waiting for the germination times, those who sow in seedbeds will have to wait until the seedling has reached a height of about 8 - 10 cm before continuing with planting.
For sowing in the open field, you will need to periodically monitor the cultivation and eliminate any weeds.
Artichoke seeds, variety
THEartichoke seedsthey are easy to find. On Amazon, a pack of Roman artichokeyou buy at the price of 4.40 euros with shipping costs included in the price.
For all information on the product mentioned, I refer you to "this Amazon page". At the same price you can also buy the purple artichokes from Provence. The purple artichokes from Provence are the ones shown in the photo below.
Carducci are shoots taken from the base of plants that are at least one year old. They are provided with a portion of the root and should be planted when well developed, that is when they are at least 30 cm long and provided with 4 or 5 leaves. At the time of implantation, the terminal part must be cut by about 4 - 5 cm.
Growing artichokes in pots
Therecultivation of artichoke in potsit is very difficult because this plant can remain in the same bed even for 5 - 6 years. Try to choose suitable containers and a soil rich in organic matter that you will need to fertilize on time.
How to plant artichokes in the vegetable garden
Once you have chosen the cultivation method, you will have to carefully prepare the soil that will host the artichokes for even five or six years. The soil should be prepared in early summer or autumn. Perform a weeding and work the soil up to a depth of 40 - 50 cm, it will be used to bury mature manure at doses of 4 - 5 kg per square meter.
As an alternative to mature manure you can choose others organic fertilizers, home compost is also an excellent fertilizer for artichokes.
Before proceeding with planting in one of the four methods mentioned above, take care to rake the soil and continue with the planting (or, even more so, with sowing) on a soft and well-worked soil.