Hens: how to increase egg production. A practical guide that will explain to you how to make chickens lay more eggs!
Those who aim to collect a large number of eggs will have to raise laying hens, these are very productive hens by their nature. Among laying hens there are some breeds that lay more eggs than others.
In industrial farms, they have selected breeds of small size and capable of producing large quantities of eggs. In this way, the breeder will have a greater number of hens per cage (being small, they are better managed) and good egg production. The drawback of these specially selected breeds lies in the fact that they are only productive for a limited period of time.
Which breed of laying hen to choose
To get hens to lay more eggs, make sure you have the right breed. The Australorp laying hen, for example, is in the Guinness World Record for laying more eggs within a year. A single specimen recorded 364 eggs laid in one year. They are docile, easy to tame and very cute hens: they have shiny black plumage!
Those who prefer ornamental laying hen breeds, the Padovana laying hen can produce, on average, 280/300 eggs per year. Remaining in the sphere of ornamental hens, the cocincina hen (Asian raiding with thick and soft plumage), lays an average of 250 eggs per year.
Again, those who want hens that lay white eggs will have to aim for the Leghorn breed. The Leghorn breed of laying hen produces an average of 300 eggs per year, it is famous for its white eggs and its lively character.
While it is important to choose the right breed, it is equally essential to give the hens the right amounts of food.
The right food to feed laying hens
On the market there are feeds forlaying hens, with a specific formulation to increase the laying of eggs of hens, however we advise you to administer tolaying hensa well-balanced diet to achieve identical results, otherwise better!
As explained in the article dedicated tofeeding the hens,every period of the year must be characterized by ad hoc food mixtures.
With the arrival of the beautiful seasons, the food mixture must be rationed as follows:
- broken corn 62%
- broken whole soybean 15%
- oyster shells or 8% calcium carbonate
- split pea protein 6%
- pelleted and broken corn gluten 6%
- 3% green grain rice
The rest of the year, you can feed your hens with a mixture given by:
- 40 percent of feed for chicks
- 35 percent corn
- 10 percent pea protein
- 8 percent wheat
- 7 percent of oyster shells
In other words, to prepare 10 kg ofchicken food you will need 4 kg of chicken feed (remember to buy the 23% protein one), 3+ 1/2 kg of corn, 1 kg of protein pea, 800 grams of wheat, 700 grams of oyster shells and 20 grams of cooking salt.
Do not feed the chickens with dry herbs! Dry grass is indigestible and also unwelcome.
How to increase egg production, the hens to keep
Thehensmore productive have faded crest, wattles and legs. Conversely, hens with redder combs and wattles and more saturated yellow legs are less productive.
The hens begin laying around seven months of life, when they approach sexual maturity. As a rule, thehensthey are purchased to start a farm when they are 5 - 6 months old; the best time to start chicken farming falls with the end of summer.
After a few years, thehensthey begin a phase of decline and therefore produce fewer eggs.
To recognize the hens to be retired and discarded from their hen house, it is necessary to observe wattles, crests and legs as explained above, but above all, it is necessary to observe the moult: it is the summer months that the farmer chooses which laying hens to keep; thelaying hensthat in the summer months they will have dropped production and started the moult (to be clear, what will beplucked under the neck!), will be the ones not to be kept for next year because they will not lay many eggs.
Chicken lice or mites slow down egg production
The hens, in summer, can be exposed to the risk of contracting "chicken lice ". In reality, these are not real "lice" but mites.
When temperatures rise, try to check the chickens for the presence of mites. In case of negative feedback, you have to fight against mite infestations which, in the summer period, become more debilitating.
The mite or "chicken louse" is a parasite that can attack at any time of the year but which, during the resting phase of the hens, can cause more damage. The mite is an avid blood sucker and nests in the crevices of chicken coops during the day, and then swarms over animals during the night. Its treatment is rather difficult because it develops rapidly during the night. To eradicate it, it will be necessary to increase the cleanliness of the chicken coop and replace the wooden parts of the chicken coop.
Products to eliminate chicken mites
On the market there are acaricidal preparations for poultry and should be administered every 15 days, as an alternative to ready-made spray solutions, there are powdered preparations to dissolve in water. Ready-to-use sprays are undoubtedly more practical but also more expensive: they have a minimal yield.
You can buy acaricides from agricultural consortia also specialized in supplying for breeders or by taking advantage of the online purchase. Our advice is to prefer powdered products: they last longer, are suitable for long-term treatments and you can perform ad hoc dilutions based on the intensity of the mite infestation on the hens.
Among the various products on the market, we recommend one with an excellent yield and above all effective, for use and dosage follow the instructions on the label. For all the info, refer to the Amazon page: powder product.