The you it is among the most appreciated and consumed drinks in Italy. Not everyone knows that there are different types of tea, each with its specific health benefits.
In this article we will list the most common varieties and describe the main benefits they bring to our body.
Varieties of tea and their properties
- Green tea
It is considered the healthiest variety and the one with the greatest benefits compared to other tea varieties; even after the harvest, green tea keeps its properties intact. It is an antioxidant, it is purifying and digestive, it is also rich in vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, fluoride, sodium and minerals.
Having a low theine content, it must be prepared with water that has not reached a boil, otherwise the leaves will cook and the tea will have a bitter taste. A trick to be able to meet this requirement and prepare a perfect green tea, even without a thermometer, is to wait for the water to boil and then add a cup of cold water, before pouring it over the green tea so as to lower the temperature of about ten degrees. This trick allows at the same time to prevent boiling water from extracting too many bitter substances from the tea. The result is a delicate drink, which can be consumed on several occasions during the day to take advantage of its properties. For more information read "How to prepare green tea"
It is the most popular tea variety in Western culture, consumed in bags all over the world, but also in bulk. The flavor and properties of black tea make it a wonderful drink. Contains a good amount of antioxidants; it is filling, good for the stomach and low in calories.
Why black? The leaves of Camellia Sinensis go through an oxidation process to abandon the green color and turn black. The amount of theine present in black tea makes it an exciting one. The ideal water temperature is 95 ° and the intensity of the tea depends on the variety or the minutes in which it is left to infuse.
- White tea
It is called "the elixir of youth"; instead of the leaves, the smallest and most tender buds are used. This is why it is said that whoever drinks it is actually "drinking" the youth of the plant or its vital energy. It has a light color, mainly due to a white down that covers the leaves as soon as they blossom, and is hand-picked during a few days in spring. White tea is produced in the high mountains of Fujian, China. White tea has a delicious taste and a delicate aroma, provides vitamin C and vitamin E, is antioxidant and diuretic. It should be drunk at a temperature of 75 ° C.
- Red tea
It has a very strong flavor and has a dark red color. The ripening process takes several years. Drinking three cups of red tea a day allows you to eliminate excess fat, reduce cholesterol levels. The ideal temperature is 95 ° C.
For more information on tea varieties, please refer to the page:Types of tea.