What is biodynamic wine? Just as organic wine is produced following the practice of organic farming, a biodynamic wine is produced using the principles of the biodynamic method. Biodynamics refers not only to the agricultural methods adopted in viticulture, it also refers to the management and processing of grapes in the post-harvest phase (biodynamic winemaking).
The biodynamic practice in viticulture has become popular in recent years and sees strong growth located especially in countries such as France, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Chile, South Africa, Canada and the United States. Despite this strong growth trend, there are currently no more than 450 certified producers ofbiodynamic wine.
A wine, to be "labeled" asbiodynamic must strictly meet the standards established by the Demeter Association, the internationally recognized certification body.
As well as thebiodynamic agriculture, also therebiodynamic viticulturewas born with the ideas ofRudolf Steiner(1861 - 1925) who anticipated the "biological" movement with his practices. The principles ofbiodynamic agriculturethey are based on a practical and spiritual philosophy calledanthroposophy, this line of thinking also incorporates other disciplines in agriculture such as ecology, bioenergetics, the influence of the planets and concepts of a spiritual nature.
Differences between biodynamic wine and organic wine
I "biodynamic winemakers "claim to have obtained stronger crops, resistant to diseases and grapes of better quality, it is a pity that scientific evidence has not highlighted significant differences between wine produced with the organic method and wine produced with the biodynamic one. To read the in-depth study, please refer to the article dedicated todifferences between biodynamic wine and organic wine.
In concrete terms, in addition to the concept of "natural agriculture" seen in the organic method, the biodynamic one involves the use of so-called "biodynamic preparations": for a vineyard, the winegrower must necessarily use the preparations biodynamic as arranged by the pioneer Rudolf Steiner. THE biodynamic preparations are natural compounds born to fertilize and improve the quality of the soil, some of these compounds, among the ingredients, include internal organs of animals!
Fortunately, to produce the biodynamic wine it is not necessary to use the internal organs of animals, however cow horns to be buried during the summer (silica horn or biodynamic preparation "501"), oak bark, valerian, Equisetum arvense and other natural-based concoctions can be used.
The production of thebiodynamic winemust comply with specific practices even during winemaking.
Biodynamic wine, definition
Wanting to define the "biodynamic wine“, We can say that it is a product obtained through natural processes that aim to exploit, in synergy, the earthly and cosmic forces.
When we say natural processes we refer directly to traditional peasant agriculture, for example, in biodynamic agriculture, the plowing of the land does not take place with the tractor but with the horse! More information on biodynamic production processes is contained in our in-depth article dedicated to Biodynamic wine.