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Composting at home


Home composting composter

To do composting at home it is very useful for a few reasons. Less waste is produced, bad odors are eliminated from landfills (along with some health problems), and there are tax advantages in those municipalities that have implemented the waste law. And finally, you can make your own fertilizer for the plants. Not bad.

Composting at home, but of what? To do composting it means creating the conditions that trigger and favor the degradation processes of the organic substance thanks to microorganisms that feed on organic substance, transforming it into inorganic material and humus. The materials compostable in the house I'm:

  • fruit and vegetable waste;
  • cut flowers and plant remains;
  • bread and eggshells;
  • coffee grounds and tea filters;
  • sawdust;
  • branches and carpentry scraps;
  • paper and cardboard (unpainted);
  • citrus peels (in small quantities);
  • ash (little);
  • leftover meat, fish and cheese (not too many);
  • cat and dog litter (not trope).

Instead they are not compostable:

  • plasticized materials
  • glossy or color printed magazines
  • vacuum cleaner filters;
  • fabrics;
  • chemically treated carpentry waste.

The composting at home it involves some effort and some discomfort. Whether it is a heap in the garden or a composter on the balcony, there are two indispensable conditions for the success of composting: presence of oxygen and temperature.

The organisms responsible for the degradation processes of organic matter are aerobic bacteria, therefore they need oxygen to perform their work. Therefore it is good to put the composter in an aerated position and keep the contents mixed from time to time, otherwise the composting will fail.

Aerobic bacteria certainly don't like cold, but neither do they like excessive temperatures. It ranges from a minimum of 5 ° C to a maximum of 70 ° C. Beyond these thresholds, the composting bacteria die. Attention: the compost temperature does not depend only on that of the air, but also on the amount of fresh material that is added from time to time. For this in the composting at home attention must be paid to the correct balance between fresh and dry materials.

For home composting, acomposter like the one available on Amazon with a capacity of 310 liters.

You may also be interested in our guide: How to make home composting



Video: Composting for Beginners. The Dirt. Better Homes u0026 Gardens (September 2021).