Loss of dog hair: immediately one wonders if it is a problem of alopecia, localized, or of the simple moult. There is not one hair loss in dogs standard, there are dogs that lose a lot of it, like German Shepherds, regularly, all year round, and other colleagues of theirs who don't even lose it by paying for it, by weight: poodles.
More than race, however, the hair loss in dogs it depends a lot on the climate. Even more, the dog's overall health is one of the biggest factors influencing this aspect. The seasons, and the climate, are also linked to hair loss and, if we are talking about a “seasonal” moult, we are talking about summer and autumn, but the lost hair is immediately replaced by the new one. The ones that go away are old or damaged hair, many dogs often develop thicker coat layers in the winter, which are then shed in the spring. This is especially true for dogs that also live outdoors.
Hair loss in dogs: causes
That said alopecia it is one of the two main causes and involves only the mantle. There hair loss in dogs in this case it occurs only in a limited area of the body and may be the warning of a serious hormonal or dermatological problem, or of psychological and nutritional origin.
Other features and other factors come into play when the hair loss in dogs it is uniform and it is an absolutely natural phenomenon. Here we talk about moulting, theoretically spring and autumn, but for dogs who live indoors in their owners' homes, in air-conditioned environments in summer and heated in winter, this phase is not a phase. The moult becomes continuous, the hair loss in dogs no longer follows the calendar.
The rhythms of the seasons do not exist in an artificially lit and heated apartment, the "wetsuit" is upset and replaced by a slow and progressive regeneration: hair loss in dogs occurs throughout the year and no longer on specific deadlines. It is not possible to restore the natural rhythms, but it is possible to promote regrowth, also focusing on the beauty of the coat, thanks to vitamin supplements and specific amino acids.
Hair loss in dogs: how to cure it
You can act on various fronts to limit the hair loss in dogs, the main ones are food, as often happens also for us humans, for many health problems, and hygiene.
Acting on the "jelly" side, the hair loss in dogs it does not heal but a healthy, meat-based diet is the most recommended because it is more digestible and often with nutrients easier to absorb. The "normal" diet can also be touched up with olive or linseed oil: with their omega-3 fatty acids help to soothe inflamed skin, reduce dandruff and improve the overall structure of the hair.
There are special omega-3 dietary supplements in capsules or powder that can be bought at pet stores, or found in foods such as salmon, tuna or other fish, and in the skin of fish. Obviously being careful that it is free of bones that could chip in the throat and cause choking.
Other useful additions to counter the hair loss in dogs they are the yeast in dough, one to be added to the food every three days, while apple cider vinegar and the tea tree oil are not to be put on his plate but to be brushed on his hair, diluted in water, to perfume, disinfect and "polish" it.
Abundant hydration is also an important factor in hair loss in dogs. In addition to never letting our four-legged friend suffer from thirst, you can think of offering him snacks based on slices of apple, bananas and cucumbers that also contain nutritious and healthy substances. Of course hair loss in dogs: smooth and shiny coat.
Another aspect that can be acted upon at home to stem hair loss in dogs is that of grooming. Starting with the tools. The brushes with bristles, like near humans, are best for smooth, short-haired dog breeds, such as many Terriers, Pugs, and Greyhounds. For Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Saint Bernards and all their medium or curly haired colleagues, there are the carders, with tiny, dense, short metal pins. THE combs they are best suited for dog breeds with long hair and thick undercoat, such as Collies, German Shepherds and Chow Chows. In general, the teeth are more or less dense depending on the amount of coat and undercoat developed by every breed and dog.
Brush apart, but essential, each his own, for the hair loss in dogs it is necessary to impose regular baths on the animal. This encourages hair loss - tight dog skin hydrated, you should not overdo it, however, and in winter, it is better to dry it with a hairdryer, keeping the temperature cool, and first dab it with a cloth.
Having done all this, in addition to any medications that the vet has prescribed, if the dog's coat continues to fall out, he may be suffering from an undiagnosed condition, such as skin allergies, infections or parasites. It is good to observe even if he licks his paws or muzzle frequently or constantly: the loss of hair in the dog can be a sign of a bigger health problem.
Hair loss in dogs: some related diseases
Among the diseases that cause, among the various or unique symptoms, the hair loss in dogs, there is the dermatitis for allergy to flea bites. One puncture is enough and the dog suffering from it begins to be prey to frantic licking and scratching attacks, sometimes to the point of blood. There hair loss it is often localized in the thighs or lower back.
There is also the ringworm, linked to the development of a microscopic fungus in the sheath of the hair: it causes round shaved areas on the head, back, thighs, but rarely itches. Ringworm is a very contagious disease for other animals and in some cases even for humans.
The red mange (demodicosis), on the other hand, is a disease from mite, generally affects weak animals, begins with localized hair removal but does not cause itching. Numerous skin parasites are at the origin of hair loss in dogs secondary type, following severe itching. Also linked to the presence of mites scabies, which affects the ears, hips, elbows and thighs, and the cheyletiellosis, which causes films and hair loss.
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