How to take care of indoor plants: ornamental plants, often calledhouse plantsorindoor plants, they need constant care which intensifies in the spring. In this guide we will see what thecareto be allocated to our loved onesindoor plants.
To grow well, theornamental plantsrequire five basic conditions:
- favorable exposure (light)
- fertile soil with repotting if necessary
- species-specific point irrigations
- temperature and humidity compatible with the development of the plant
As anticipated, in spring the care to be allocated toindoor plantsintensify, especially if it is those plants placed inside to protect them from the cold. When temperatures rise and you want to bring the plant back to the balcony, terrace or garden, it is important that this step takes place gradually so as to allow the plants to gradually get used to the new conditions of exposure and temperature.
For take care of indoor plants, eliminate any withered or dried flowers, also remove the yellowed and damaged leaves, before each fertigation move the soil of the pot superficially with a small stick. You will need to do these operations even before bringing the plants outside if they are plants that you bring into the apartment just to protect them from the cold.
How to care for indoor plants: the right exposure
The right exposure forindoor plantsvaries according to the cultivated species. Some examples to choose the right location for indoor plants:
- Plants likeZamioculcas zamiifolia, ficus elastica and Ficus benjaminathey prefer mild exposure to filtered sun.
- Orchids such as Phalaenopsis, Dendrobium, Odontoglossum, Cattleya, Cymbidium and Cambria prefer sun exposure, I recommend placing them on a sunny window sill, on the balcony or in the garden. These plants should be in a shady position during the hottest hours of the day and grown indoors in autumn, winter and spring until the risk of late frosts ceases.
- Ferns are theplantsthat are more suited to the "indoor life", in fact they want to stay in the shade. Among the ferns, only those belonging to the genus Asplenium tolerate a few hours of sunshine.
Remove dust from indoor plants
Many do not know which among thecareto be allocated to indoor plants there is also the classic dust removal! You will need to do this especially if you grow plants with large leaves such as Ficus elastica, Ficus lyrata or alocasia. You can use a damp cloth to remove dust from indoor plants. This task can be done every 4-5 months. This operation will improve the gaseous exchanges of the leaves and the chlorophyll photosynthesis.
How and when to water indoor plants
There are no general rules for the irrigation ofindoor plants. The needs are different as well as the degree of humidity in the house and the temperatures. The only advice I can give you is to keep an eye on the soil and to respect the irrigation needs of the plant. In general, irrigations increase with increasing temperatures but the frequency of irrigation always depends on the plant: orchids should be irrigated only when the soil is dry, green plants such as ficus, croton, dieffenbachia and tradescanzia should be irrigated regularly while plants such as ferns crave always moist soil.
To irrigate indoor plants, use water that you have left to rest for at least one night in a bucket, in this way the chlorine will evaporate and the limestone will have settled on the bottom.
How to fertilize indoor plants
Indoor plants must be fertilized according to species-specific needs. In general, I recommend that you administer, from April to June, a specific fertilizer for flowering plants (if your plant is blooming) or for evergreen plants depending on the species to be fertilized. Apply fertilizer every 10 days from spring to early summer.
More information on how to protect plants from the cold, fertilization and irrigation of flowering plants is contained in the guide article How to care for flowering plants.