Learning how to prune in the garden or in the orchard through the guide of a blog may seem difficult, however we are convinced that you will find some of our tips in this regard valuable. Let's see together the basic rules for good pruning.
First of all, a good pruning must always respect the natural shape of a plant; a well-formed plant as well as beautiful to look at also always bears many fruits.
Pruning rules, 4 useful tips
Before proceeding, it is good to evaluate what type of pruning you need to carry out, making sure that the inside of each tree has the right light and air: the sun's rays must penetrate the foliage and the air must circulate everywhere.
Do you have the right equipment? Know that you need simple tools such as scissors, shears, gloves and a ladder. In this regard, we refer you to reading the article "Pruning with the right tool"
Before proceeding with the cuts, you will need to disinfect the tools well to avoid transmitting diseases from one plant to another. How to do? Just add a cap of bleach to half a liter of water and then clean all the blades with a sponge. Once this is done, you will have to sharpen them because the cuts you are going to make must be clean and precise. Only at this point can you start pruning.
Each tree or shrub needs special and personalized pruning, but there are 4 rules that apply to all plants
- Make the cut 3-4 mm above the bud, as a cut too close will dry it, while a cut too far will leave a stump that over time will dry out or rot, favoring the onset of infections
- The bud above which you make the cut should preferably be facing outwards: in this way the new branch will grow in that direction, avoiding unnecessary intrigues in the central part of the canopy, which instead must remain open, clean and well ventilated
- The cut must have an inclination parallel to the gem, to allow the water to slide off, avoiding stagnation and therefore rotting near the gem
- The cut must be clean and precise, for this you need to have very sharp shears: a frayed cut slows down the healing of the wound and consequently is more prone to disease.
Certainly these rules have not exhausted such an important topic, in any case they are small tips to start thinking about, before taking action. These are universal advice valid for all fruit and garden trees. Also, know that each cut will not irreparably compromise the life of your tree; at most you will have a few fewer fruits or maybe a tree a little less graceful.