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Fever in cats: symptoms and causes


Fever in the cat: it is not like in humans, we need to re-calibrate the temperature, because we are talking about fever in the cat when it goes beyond 39.17 ° C. A healthy cat has an average temperature of around 38.5 °, fever is often a physiological protective response against inflammation or an infectious process. It increases the body's ability to eliminate the pathogen, therefore the fever in the cat it can also be useful but when it is above 41.11 ° C there is the possibility that it will damage the organs: the veterinarian should be called immediately.

There fever in the cat is associated with pyrexia or hyperthermia, it can be classified into intermittent, remitting and recurrent. In the first case you have 2 or 3 days at a high temperature, then everything goes back to normal, then you go back up and so on; in the so-called remitting type, on the other hand, the temperature varies a lot during the day, but always remaining above 39.2 ° C. There fever in the cat this recurring one involves alternating periods of high temperature with others of “normality”.

Before discussing the symptoms, causes and treatments, it is a priority to warn that tachipirina is NOT given when treating fever in the cat: it is very harmful to the animal: it is not a human and has different reactions to drugs. That is why, apart from tachipirina, do-it-yourself is generally not recommended.
Another important premise concerns the rumor that a warm and dry nose are indices of fever in the cat: the only way to evaluate it is to measure the body temperature.

Fever in cats: causes

There high temperature of a cat can be a consequence of the stay of the same animal in a very hot environment or of increased muscle activity. When it comes to fever in the cat however, we are faced with a specific type of hyperthermia which is linked to the increase in the set point hypothalamic. The hypothalamus is the part of the brain that acts as the body's thermostat. When the cause of the fever in the cat, or rather, when it is not intuitive or evident to most, then we speak of "fever of unknown origin"(FUO).

In general the fever in the cat it occurs when the immune system is activated by a viral infection, bacterial or fungal, or from a tumor, a trauma injury, from certain drugs or diseases such as pancreatitis or lupus. The causes of the fever in the cat for example, the onset of tuberculosis, abscesses, peritonitis, septic arthritis. Then there are fungal or viral causes, immune-mediated or the classic "heat stroke" that we humans also know well.

Cat fever: symptoms

To find the fever in the cat we can rely on some behaviors that reveal their presence, or, at least, they can make us suspicious. The loss of appetite, the fatigue, the lack of energy and activity are signs that should make us worry, even the reduced intake of liquids and seeing our cat neglect the usual routine of cleaning the coat that he loves so much. Between symptoms of fever in cats there are also rapid breathing, chills or specific signs such as sneezing, vomiting or diarrhea.

Cat fever: take the temperature

We are wary of legends such as dry nose, bright eye and the like. These are unfounded beliefs, because when you want to understand if you are facing a case of fever in the cat you have to measure the temperature and the most accurate method is the pediatric rectal thermometer. Better to use one of those models that does not break in the event of a fall and beeps when the correct body temperature measurement is finished.

For the evaluation procedure of the fever in the cat it is necessary to have a thermometer, of course, but also a lubricant and a tidbit final prize so as not to traumatize the cat, feverish or not. After coating the end of the thermometer with the lubricant, help a second person for immobilize the cat, he gently lifts his tail by slowly inserting the thermometer into the rectum by about 2.5 cm.

After a few minutes you can remove the thermometer, clean it and read the temperature to understand if we are in the case of fever in the cat. A small food reward, a morsel, can help the animal forget the annoying procedure and not associate the fever in the cat to a torture.

Between thermometers not to be used, not glass is recommended because the cat could shake with the risk of shattering the thermometer. Quick-detect thermometers are fine for fever in the cat, better if digital, and the vet certainly knows then which thermometer to buy.

Cat fever: cure

For real care for the fever in the cat it is necessary to contact a veterinarian who, from the causes, can give the best advice by prescribing the correct therapy. However, we can combine its action with a series of small measures that can alleviate and remove the fever in the cat.

Fill the kennel or the place where he usually sleeps with objects affectionately dear to the sick animal such as old blankets or wool blankets, also to always keep it warm and make it feel "Pampered". To make him feel hydrated, however, never let him find the bowl of fresh, clean water empty, or let him lick ice cubes if he refuses to drink normally. It is good that you remain strong even if the fever in the cat often leads to loss of appetite. one way can be to entice him by offering him tins or homogenized, more accessible.

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Video: The 10 Most Common Diseases in Cats (September 2021).